Uttarakhand also known as ‘Devbhumi’ or ‘God of the country’ with its scintillating natural beauty, attractive snow-capped mountains, fresh and pure water and air, and aura of devotion, attracts people from all over the world. Although the year does. Uttarakhand Tourism and Travel is very attractive for you.
With its unique jeep safari in the river, paragliding, rafting, trekking in Jim Corbett Park can hardly be a better place for nature and adventure tourists to love. The ‘Queen of the Hills’ Mussoorie, ‘Switzerland of India’ Almora, ‘Lake District’ Nainital, Pauri, Pithoragarh, Munsiyari, Ranikhet, Kausani, etc. are some of the other attractions for the nature lovers.
Uttarakhand Tourism and Travel is very Famous for paragliding and hand gliding like mountaineering and aero sports, Uttarakhand has been a great place of attraction for foreign tourists. The ‘Char Dham’ for Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri and Yamunotri, the four shrines that stand, is located in Uttarakhand. Panch Prayag – Karnaprayag, Vishnuprayag, Rudraprayag, Nandprayag, and Devprayag are where the five sacred sangams form its tributaries on the way down to the Ganges. These sangams attract pilgrims as they are considered holy places.
Also Haridwar and Rishikesh, two famous Hindu shrines and Hemkund Sahib Gurudwara, famous for Sikhs near the Valley of Flowers, are located in Uttarakhand.
Geography of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand, located in northern India, is made up of the northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders East Nepal, Tibet on the north, Himachal Pradesh on the west, South of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana on the northwest. Also Visit – Nainital Almora Ranikhet Tour Package.
Hinduism, Kedarkhand (present-day Garhwal) and Manaskhand (present-day Kumaon), are mentioned in the ancient scriptures of the united region as Uttarakhand or Devbhumi. The state is naturally divided into Nanda Devi Mountains, two regions, Kumaon and Garhwal. Dehradun is the capital, railway and the largest city in the state. Nainital High Court of Uttarakhand is located at Both Kumaon and Garhwal have beautiful natural landscapes, with a range of mountain peaks imposing Chowkhamba, Bhagirathi, Pindari, Nanda Devi, Sahastrataal, Kedarnath, Gangotri, Milam, Jogin to name a few.
Nanda Devi is the highest mountain in Uttarakhand with an altitude of 25,643 feet and the second largest in India after Kanchengunga in Sikkim. Out of the total area of 53483 km2, the state of Uttarakhand is 86% mountainous and 65% is covered by forest.
The Valley of Flowers, a World Heritage Site designated by UNESCO, well-known for all the absorbing beauty and diversity of rare plants and flowers, is located near Josimath in Garhwal.
Demography of Uttarakhand
Generally folk dance is related to Uttarakhand Tourism and Travel. Depending on their place of origin, they are sometimes specifically called Kumaoni or Garhwali. According to the latest census, Uttarakhand has a population of about 5.1 million and women has a population of 10,086,292.The population is about 4.9 million males.
Rajputs and Brahmins comprise the major part of the population. The rest distributed among the minority religion of Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Jains and Buddhists, while Hindus make up 88% of the population. Muslims constitute the largest segment of the population among the minority. Udham Singh Nagar, Haridwar and Dehradun are the most populous districts of the state. Also Visit – Jim Corbett National Park Tour Package.
The two main dialects of the state are Kumaoni and Garhwali. There are other dialects such as Jaunsari and Bhotia, which spoken by a relatively small percentage of tribal communities in the north and west. However, the official language of the state is Hindi and the urban sections mostly speak Hindi.
A brief History of Uttarakhand
Archaeological evidences suggest that like ancient inscriptions, paleoloithic stone tools, rock shelters, megaliths, etc. this mountainous state had been frequently and inhabited since prehistoric times. The findings in Chamoli and Almorah districts clearly reveal the existence of human settlement in the state from the Stone Age.
The name of this state can be found in the great Purans and Vedas and the mythological epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata. During the Vedic era, Panchal and a part of the Kuru Empire (mahajanpads) formed Uttarakhand. The Kunindas were the first major dynasties of Kumaon during the 2nd century BC. According to the findings, Kunindas practiced an early form of Shaiva.
The early presence of Buddhism noted in the Kalsi region where the Ashoka inscriptions have been found. The states of Kumaon and Garhwal formed during the medieval period of the state. The area fell to the Gorkha Empire of Nepal in 1803, but 1816, after winning the British Gorkha War took over the kingdom, and formed the Sugauli Treaty. Also Visit – Best of Uttarakhand Tour Package.
Kumaon and Garhwal, forgetting their long rivalry, brought traditions, geography, and close resemblance to various ethnic groups, and this greatly strengthened the movement for a separate state of Uttarakhand in the 1990s. Finally, Uttarakhand was born on 9 November 2000 by carving from 13 districts from Uttar Pradesh.
It became 27 states of India with Dehradun as its capital. Uttarakhand renamed as Uttarakhand, which later coined for Uttaranchal and again it renamed as Uttarakhand.
Districts of Uttarakhand
Out of Uttarakhand which comprises 13 districts belonging to Garhwal region for 7 districts, and 6 districts of Kumaon region. The Garhwal region of Pauri Garhwal, Tehri Garhwal, Haridwar, Dehradun, Rudraprayag, Uttarkashi and Chamoli covered, while Bageshwar, Almora, Nainital, Champawat, Pithoragarh and Udham Singh Nagar districts are in the Kumaon region.
Economy of Uttarakhand
From 2005 to 2014 Uttarakhand recorded an increase of places among the five fastest growing state in India making it around 19.57%. Udham Singh Nagar, Haridwar, Dehradun and parts of Nainital contribute to the state’s main economy (around 80%).
Hill areas which get tremendous shocks due to natural disasters, geographical locations and other physical barriers are mainly dependent on agriculture Floriculture, horticulture, agriculture and food processing industries, the major industries of the state are biotechnology and information and communication technology. The forest produce mainly herbs and spices and tourism is the major engine of economic development in this state. Also Visit – Nainital Tour Package for Family.
Uttarakhand Tourism and Travel Info
The development of the economy in the state is heavily dependent on tourism. For the development of tourism in the state, the government has set Uttarakhand Tourism Board as an apex body for tourism.
A separate and detailed tourism policy formulated which includes various incentives to promote the tourism industry in the state. Huge investment planned to promote eco tourism hotels, resorts, amusement parks, spas, ropeways, etc.. Attention given to developing and promoting winter sports, which bring a lot of sports lovers every year.
Rivers of Uttarakhand
The two most important rivers of Uttarakhand are the Ganges and the Yamuna. Other important rivers flowing through the state are Alakananda, Ramnanga, Bhagirathi, Saryu, Saraswati, Dhauli, and Ton.
Climate of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand comprises two distinct climatic zones. The hilly region and the plain region. So depending on the region, the climate is quite diverse in this state. In the summer season, the maximum temperature in the plains goes up to 400 C. The valley as the central Himalayas has a temperature register of around 250 C. Attracts people from the plains to find an escape route from unbearable heat. High regions of the Himalayas register temperatures of around 150 C during summer. Also Visit – Kedarnath Tour Package at Best Price.
Regular snowfall can seen during winter at high altitudes and the Himalayan mountains remain snow clad. The average temperatures of the plains seen at around 5 to 60 C in the Middle Himalayas.
During the heavy rains the eastern Himalayas registered for the monsoon as compared to the western part. In most parts of the state, temperatures between 15 to 250 C remain pleasant during this period from July to September.
Education in Uttarakhand
Dehradun, Mussoorie and Nainital host some of the best boarding schools in India. Uttarakhand is a very ambitious scheme for higher education. It has around 1 central university, 10 state universities, 4 autonomous universities, 10 private universities and 3 deemed universities. The most famous of these are Rishikesh, IIT Roorkie, IIM Kashipur and NIT targets in Uttarakhand. Also Visit – Valley of Flowers National Park Tour.
Non-vegetarian food is also available, although mainly people of Uttarakhand are vegetarian. Coarse grain is high fiber content food which widely used in the state. Some famous dishes are Kafuli, Baadi, Fannah, Arsa, Bhatt Ki Chrdkani, Ras, Gulgula, etc.
Apart from Garhwali and Kumaoni, Raji also here which have led to wide variety of state in culture and tradition. Ardh Kumbh Mela, Gauchar Mela, Kumbh Mela, Devidhura Mela, Nanda Devi Mela, Purnagiri Fair are the main fairs here.
A very colorful and distinctive festival celebrated at this state. The major festivals are Basant Panchami, Makar Sankranti, Hill Jatra, Kandali, Janapunya, Khatarua, Phool Dei and Chhipla Jat. Also Visit – Haridwar Rishikesh Tour Package.
Dance, Music of Uttarakhand
Folk songs are very popular in this hill state. Popular songs composed on the beat of Dhol, Turai, Dholki, Ranasingha, and Bhankora are played instead of Mandalas, Thadiya etc.
Langvir Neeta is a famous dance for men. Barada Nati is another famous folk dance. The other popular dance is Nritya Pandava.