Information about Odisha
Orissa is one of the most interesting states in East India. The state is predominantly rural but industrialization is changing its face. Bhubaneshwar is the modern capital of Orissa. Konark and Jagannath Temple in Orissa Puri are known for the famous Sun Temple. Although, Odisha is one of the least visited states in India, it is also easily accessible.
Orissa is located in the tropical south of Cancer and is very hot throughout the year. The best season to visit Odisha is from October to March. Orissa, Hindi and English are the main languages ?? that are spoken in Orissa.
Information about the history of Orissa
The origin of Orissa can be known from its history. In ancient times, the state of Orissa was known as Kalinga, and is often mentioned in Hindu epics. According to mythology, Kalinga, one of the five sons of a sage, traveled to the hills of the Eastern Ghats. Looking down at the valleys, he was fascinated and decided to settle here with his people. Since then, Orissa was known as Kalinga. The recorded history of Orissa begins from 260 B.C.
Emperor Ashoka established a rock pillar at Dhuli, only 5 km. The pillar from the present capital of Bhubaneswar stood for almost 23 centuries. The carved inscriptions carry the message of Buddhist principles. Having fought a bloody war with the people of Kalinga and won it, they repented over the loss of life and the devastation they had caused. He accepted the faith of the people of Kalinga who were Buddhists.
The climax of the Orissa civilization reached between the 4th and 13th centuries under great builders — Kesari and the Ganga Raja. During his rule, thousands of temples and monuments were built throughout the country. The state remained out of the power of the Muslim invaders until the end of the 16th century. When Muslim invaders reached Orissa, they destroyed about 7,000 temples, which once stood on the banks of the holy lake of Bhubaneswar.
Today there are only 500 temples. In 1803, the British occupied Orissa. Since Orissa was not strategically important to them, they did much to improve their economic conditions. Orissa was divided into 26 weight-pocket-sized states, leaving little scope for economic development by the Rajas. After India’s independence, the state was merged into a compact province of Odisha. Now, Orissa is a democratically elected state.
Information about the geography of Orissa
The land of Orissa is a flat alluvial plain. Orissa is situated on the banks of the Bay of Bengal, and has an area of ?? 1,56,000 sq km. The tablelands of the Eastern Ghats in the west are part of the central plateau and in the middle are the green valleys of five large rivers that flow into the Bay of Bengal. There are abundant green forests in the vertical region and on the upper slopes of wild elephants, Bengal tigers and other rare species.
All the land in Orissa is covered with flat paddy fields, but in some places it is sometimes covered by low mounds of granite. The delta extends 170 kilometers from its southeast point to Chilka Lake. Chilka Lake is only a few meters deep and covers an area of ??900 to 1200 sq km. To overcome the flood created by the Mahanadi River, the Hirakud Dam was built about 20 kilometers away.
To the northwest of Sambalpur it is a massive structure, which is 60 meters high and hence drains over an area of ?? 133,000 square kilometers, twice the size of Sri Lanka. The main part is a masonry dam of 1100 meters long, with another forehead dam of over 3500 meters. The dam has a 270 MW hydro electric power station and allows irrigation of about 750000 hectares of high quality land. Also Visit – Book Orissa Tour Package.
Information about people of Orissa
Most of the people in Odisha are tribes. Most of the tribes live mainly in Koraput, Phulbani, Sundargarh and Mayurbhanj districts. There are around 60 tribes who live mainly in the jungle and remote hilly areas of the state. Each of these tribes has a different language, pattern of social customs and artistic and musical traditions including dance, marriage and religious ceremonies.
Tribal folk dances are performed throughout the year in villages, but mainly during the festivals in October – November and March – April, the Konds are mostly found in the western districts and they are known for human sacrifices performed in the past. Today, they practice animal sacrifices rather than human sacrifices. Bonds or naked people of Tibeto-Burmese origin speak an Ostro-Asiatic language and live on the high hills.
Koya live in a clean-up area in the middle of a dense forest in the villages and they can be distinguished by hats made of bison iron. The saints live in the northern districts of Mayurbhanj and Balasore. They speak one of the oldest languages ?? in India.
Information about dance of Orissa
Different forms of dance in Orissa combine rhythm, alliance, devotion and its expression. Odissi is a form of classical dance, which disguises the expressions, expressions and lyrical qualities of carved images. Odyssey dance gives the audience an experience that goes beyond words. The dance was performed in the Natya temples of temples as ritual offerings by the dancers of the miraculous temple in their costumes and jewelery.
Traditional textures are woven with the singing rhythm (chakra) of the poem to present a high style and beautiful dance style. Odyssey dances follow strict rules of position for the body, feet and hands, which fall centuries ago in rock-shaped images and situations of sculptures.
Folk dances are usually performed during festivals and in a variety of forms such as danda nata, a ritual dance; Chaitighoda, a traditional fisherman’s dance; Pika dance, war dance and Chhau, masked dance drama reminiscent of Orissa’s martial past. Tribal dances such as ‘Godha’, Praja Shaadi dance and colorful Gond dances are attractive and performed in perforated turban. Also Visit – book bhubaneswar tour package.
Information about the festival of Orissa
Odisha has its own way of celebrating fairs and festivals. Some of the famous fairs and festivals in Odisha include Kalijal Island, Chilka Lake, Tribal Fair of Bhubaneswar, Durga Puja, Mangal Mela, Car festival of Lord Lingaraja of Bhubaneswar and Rath Yatra in Puri. . Various pilgrims travel to Puri from India and abroad in Rath Yatra. The three deities, Jagannatha, Balabhadra and Subhadra, carry in a chariot procession to their summer temple for a week.
His magnificent chariots are prepared by devotees. Bali Yatra to Cuttack is another festival celebrated on Kartik Purnima in October-November. Traders who set sail for the islands of Bali, Java and Sumatra in olden days, people go across the Mahanadi River, and bathe small boats made of pith and paper. In the evening till late in the night, a huge fair is organized on the banks of the river for four days in front of the Barabati Fort.
Information about the temple of Orissa
The golden age of temple construction in Odisha spanned from the 8th to the 13th century, but it reached the pinnacle of glory in the 10th and 11th centuries. The temples located in Orissa represent the development of the “Nagara” style of Indo-Aryan architecture. The temples of Bhubaneshwar, Puri and Konark from the 7th century to the 13th century show a remarkable development of the original temple architecture.
Some temples remain in temples, centers of active pilgrimage, worship and faith. The plan of the temple is simple. Temples have a high, curved tower or spire facing upwards on a crest and an open structure or verandah in front of the entrance to the tower. The tall tower and deity that rises on the main temple is known as the deity and the porch is known as Jagmohan. Jagmohan is usually square with a pyramid roof.
Sometimes one or two halls are built in these temples and set in front of the porch. They are known as Nathmandir and Bhogmandir The interior of the temple is very dark and it is only allowed to give a glimpse of a fertility deity and enable the worshiper to worship. Each exterior of the temple tower is divided by vertical, flat-projected projections or rathas.
The sculptures in these temples are not easy to describe. The statues depict everyone from the sacred to the profane, but each stone used in the construction of the temple has been carved. Birds, animals, flowers and plants, humans can be seen in various details in fine detail. Also Visit – Book Puri Holiday Package at Best Price.
Information about food of Orissa
Cigar boxes, jewelery, and decorative trays, with extremely intricate silvery silver work, Pattachitra, folk painting of Orissa, paper mask masks from brassware applique, kalurfl canopis, awning and canopies are some of the famous items to be purchased from Orissa. Can. Orissa is also home to exclusive silk and cotton handloom saris and garments that can be made into fabrics, beds, table linens and accessories.